Fuquay-Varina is located in Wake County, in the northeast central region of North Carolina. This area is known as the “fall line” because it indicates the elevation inland at which waterfalls appear in creeks and rivers.
The Town of Fuquay-Varina was incorporated in 1909, doubly named for the first settler William Fuquay and J.D. Ballentine’s wife Varina. Fuquay settled a small farming town called Sippihaw, named for a Native American tribe of the area. (There are historical accounts of a tribe called the Susippihaw.)His great-grandson discovered a spring in the 1850s that is believed to have healing powers, which attracted future settlers to the area.
In 1860 Fuquay sold the springs to local investors, who created the Chalybeate Springs Company to attract more settlers. A Sippihaw native J.D. Ballentine became the first postmaster of the mail town Varina, and eventually the two settlements combined. Ballentine settled the Ballentine Spence House in 1910, the first house in the area with plumbing and electricity. The structure still stands today as a historic landmark.
In 1909 Sippihaw was officially renamed “Fuquay Springs,” including the core of Varina: its business district and the rail junction. Varina established itself later when the Varina Union Station was erected. Four years later, the Bank of Varina was created, and brought competition to the Bank of Fuquay (now Fidelity Bank). Capitalization on railroad connections brought new warehouses and tobacco businesses, and Varina became a center for agriculture. In 1927, US Route 401 was created, making the travel between Raleigh and Fuquay easier.
In 1963, the agricultural hub towns of Fuquay Springs and Varina merged. Since the turn of the twenty-first century, the population has more than doubled.
Population: 18,644 (2012 Census)
Area: 12.2 sq. mi (31.5 km2)
> Land: 12.1 sq mi (31.3 km2)
>Water: 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation: 327 ft (99m)
Area Code: 919
Median Age: 34.2 Years
Median Household Income: $71,052
Median Family Income: $78,689
Per Capita Income: $28,727
1.2% of families and 1.9% of the population live below the poverty line.
The is proud to present its first-ever Citizens Report, a summary of town performance, business, successes, and future goals. A download copy of the report can be found here.